This research is made possible through the support of:


The Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) through the Center of Excellence in Self-Healing Regeneration and Structural Remodeling, Grant FA9550-16-1-0017, Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials Program, program manager Dr. Les Lee.

The National Science Foundation through the LEAP HI Manufacturing USA Program NSF Grant 1830635 and an NSF Graduate Fellowship.

The Beckman Institute through a Beckman Graduate Fellowship and Postdoctoral Fellowship.

We also acknowledge the Imaging Technology Group  at the Beckman Institute for their assistance with graphics, imaging, and videos.